What is neuro developmental therapy?

Image by Angel Luciano

 NDT aims to recapitulate;

to repeat the stages of evolutionary development during the earliest phases of life. Giving the body a second chance to further develop the nervous system.

By working through the retained primitive reflexes we can remove these blockages that can significantly hinder our ability to access our potential.

Why Neuro developmental therapy?

Nature Tokens
Physical symptoms
  • ​​Bed wetting beyond age 6 (nocturnal enuresis) 

  • Clumsiness

  • Dyspraxia

  • Motion sickness

  • Photosensitivity

  • Poor posture

  • Poor spatial awareness

  • Tics

  • Walking on toes

Emotional difficulties


  • Hypersensitivity

  • Mood swings

  • Poor impulse control

  • Anger and aggression issues

  • Withdrawn, timid behaviour

  • Low self-esteem

  • Difficulty relating to their peers/making friends

  • Angel at school, demon at home

  • Attachment and separation issues

Learning difficulties
  • Coordination difficulties

  • Dyslexia

  • ADHD and ADD 

  • Poor concentration

  • Poor organisational skill

  • Poor handwriting

  • Poor short-term memory 

  • Sequencing difficulties

  • Dyscalculia

  • Difficulty conceptualising

  • Slowness at copying tasks

  • Translating thoughts into words on paper

Other flagging signs
  • Poor motor coordination and balance

  • Poor motor sequencing

  • Poor fine motor skills/manual dexterity

  • Poor hand-eye coordination

  • Mouth is moving when hands are engaged (i.e. when practising an instrument or cutting with scissors)

  • Slumping the head close to the table when writing

  • Messy eating 

  • Sitting in a 'W' position on the floor

  • Swim better when underwater

  • Mixed laterality or still unestablished laterality by age 6/7

  • Dysrhythmia/poor timing and rhythm of movement

  • Easily distracted

  • Physical timidity, dislike games and sports

Related conditions
  • Agoraphobia

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

  • ​Anorexia

  • Asthma and eczema

  • Hayfever

  • Prone to allergies

  • Poor immunity (constant ENT problem)

  • Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)

  • Vertigo

  • Anxiety

  • Chronic stress

  • Elective mutism

  • Free-floating anxiety (for no obvious reason)

  • Poor adaptability - very rigid with routines and dislike surprises

It can help with

A drug-free neural stimulation programme to get back on track

On the Climbing Wall

You may be questioning how one therapy can treat such a diverse range of symptoms. The answer lies in the fact some people's central nervous systems have not been able to fully mature. When the foundation is weak all sorts of symptoms may occur as further stress is put upon the system. We can detect this immaturity by testing for the presence of primitive reflexes, which are our original tools for learning to inhabit our body, where they begin life from just 9 weeks in utero. These tools are the rudimentary training using movement to develop the nervous system. They teach us many fundamental lessons but once learned they should make way for the postural reflexes and if this does not happen the central nervous system(the gateway for fluent communication between body and brain), will not be matured enough to handle the workload. The above symptoms are examples of signs that miscommunication is happening between different parts of the body. 

Neuro-developmental therapy is a non-invasive, drug-free neural stimulation programme (carried out at home) that combines tactile skin stimulation with physical exercises and is designed to inhibit any residual primitive reflexes. This enables the brain to have a second chance to develop.


Through this process it has been shown that anxiety can be greatly reduced,  learning can be easier, and emotions better managed. It can also help to promote more age and socially appropriate behaviour as well as further developing motor control and good coordination. The therapy addresses the immaturity of the psyche as well as physical coordination because neuro-developmental delay can impact all 3 bodies; physical, emotional and mental. 


The children and adults that have gone through the programme tend to develop greater confidence and a stronger sense of ‘self’, enabling them to see their inherent capacity.


What are Primitive reflexes?

Primitive reflexes are the inborn software that helps us to assist in our own births and to survive the first months of life. They are automatic, stereotyped movements that protect and provide the basic training for our motor activity. They are vital for human survival as we learn to adapt to the new environment outside of the comfort of the womb in a gravity-based environment.

The presence of primitive reflexes beyond the normal age range (mostly before 12 months) will also hinder the development of the more sophisticated and important postural reflexes as well as the further maturation of the central nervous system. The primitive reflexes need to be “put to bed” and retire in the brainstem allowing higher brain functions to take the helm. They should only come back online if there is an insult to the brain in an accident or other forms of brain degenerative diseases.

What are Postural reflexes?

The postural reflexes are a set of more adult and sophisticated reflexes, responsible for handling many gross motor functions. They provide the basis and fluidity for the unconscious, automatic control of balance (vestibular system), posture (muscle tone), and movement (motor function/coordination). They come into existence in the 1st year of life from about 6 months of age and they need to be fully integrated and fully functioning in order to allow the primitive reflexes to be suppressed. The 2 sets of reflexes have a push and pull effect on each other, influencing each other and coexist at the same time during transitional stages. If the postural reflexes do not have enough strength to competently take over our motor functions in our gravity-based environment, the primitive reflexes will not be able to let go and thus remain active in the system.

Learned motor functions are stored in the cerebellum (lower brain). They should become automatic, allowing the cortex (the executive command centre of the brain) to be free to handle all other more complex tasks.

Children's Soccer Coach

What to expect from treatment?

The neuro-stimulation programme aims to reignite the maturation of the central nervous system. As the system becomes better integrated, we should begin to see an improvement in all areas requiring attention, balance, and coordination.

Reading and writing will see changes as these skills are also affected by many of the primitive reflexes, as vision is also a motor skill. 

Controlling behaviours and shyness both stem from fear, which is the basis for insecurity when there is a lack of relationship with gravity. The emotional body is very much linked to the maturity of the Central nervous system and we should begin to see a growing sense of self-awareness and self-esteem, improving behaviours on a social and emotional level. 


Here are some practical signs of transformation that may be noticed from undergoing a programme:


  • Reduced impulsivity and better emotional regulation

  • Improved focus and attention

  • More able to stay on task

  • A better understanding of reasoning/more empathy

  • Increased self-confidence

  • Integrate better socially

  • Ability to relate to peers/ make friends

  • Better coordination/body awareness for movement exercises, dance/sport, less clumsy ​


About Moni

After a bumpy start with her first child’s early schooling experiences, Moni found her way into Steiner education. Moni has completed her Steiner teacher training in both lower school and kindergarten and has worked in the Steiner 'early years' setting. The needs of her first child again led her to another transformational learning opportunity with Bob Allen, the leading Neuro-developmental therapist based in Windsor. The whole family underwent the program before Moni began her training with Bob. 


Moni is now a fully qualified and insured neuro-developmental therapist as well as a Johansen IAS provider. As with her Steiner teacher and 'early years' training, which provided an in-depth understanding of the various stages of human development, she believes that these therapeutic inputs are ways to remove hindrances in one's journey through the path of life.

Moni is available for appointments from her home in Northwest London on Saturday mornings and once a month in Kings langley, Hertfordshire. In the week she works for Access Potential in Windsor on Wednesdays and Fridays (possible waiting list) https://www.accesspotential.net/.  Moni also works for a clinic in central London.


"Our rightful place as educators is to be removers of hindrances. Each child in every age brings something new into the world from divine regions, and it is our task to remove bodily and psychical obstacles out of his way, to remove hindrances so that his spirit may enter in full freedom into life."


Dr. Rudolf Steiner addressing the Waldorf teachers at the Oxford Course

At our recent parents evening we met with all of Arjan’s teachers and every single report was really positive. 

All of his teachers acknowledged that he is extremely bright and willing to learn and much more focused than he has been previously.

His sports teachers commented that he is a ‘totally different child’ and much more focused. The only takeaway for us is to work on is his impulse control.

He is above his working target for reading, working at expected level for maths and just under his target for spelling.
We are really pleased as parents evenings are usually a source of anxiety. We feel really proud of the work Arjan has put in in the last 7 months and we have a lot to thank you for.


-Arjan's mother

Recapitulation Starts Here


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